What is phonics? What does the teaching of phonics look like? All the answers to these questions and many more can be found below!
Phonics is taught throughout EYFS and Key Stage 1. We use the Letters and Sounds programme. This can be found as an attachment on this page.
Phonics provides the building blocks of learning to read and write.
In Nursery and Reception children learn Phase 1 (listening for, making and saying different sounds), Phase 2 (the sounds the letters of the alphabet make, what they look like and how we can put them together to read – blending or split words into them for spelling - segmenting). They begin to learn to read tricky words, Phase 3 (How letters are written, the 44 sounds in the English language including digraphs – 2 sounds working together e.g. sh as in shop - and trigraphs – 3 sounds working together e.g. igh as in night. Throughout this phase children begin to read and write simple sentences. Children also learn to write as well as read tricky words. Most children will also begin to learn Phase 4 in Reception – words that have consonants together e.g. tree.
As you can see Nursery and Reception are key years for our children to begin their journey of reading. It is important we help our children the best we can. Below is some information about what all this actually means:
See documents attached at the bottom of this page.
Phase 2 and Phase 3:
Click the link above to hear how each sound (phoneme) is correctly pronounced.
In Year 1 children learn Phase 5 – In this phase children learn all the different ways a sound can be written e.g. ee (sheep) can be written ea(tea), e_e (here), ie (field), y (happy), ey (monkey). They learn the different pronunciation of sounds e.g. a in hat, acorn, what. They continue reading and writing sentences and learning more high frequency words.
In Year 2 children learn Phase 6 - In this phase children learn about past tense and spelling patterns such as word endings (suffixes) such as -ed and word beginnings (prefixes) such as un. They learn to spell longer words, look for difficult bits in words and develop more independence when reading and spelling. See below for what activities you can do to help your child.